Labour is changing
The ways by which it is carried out are changing the sense of this necessary activity but also desired by people.
Milan is nowadays one of the cities, if not the only one in Italy, where, in the course of this new era born from the 2008’s crisis, employment is really possible.
Some personalities of the social and entrepreneurial world in Milan, have spoken about it in a round table moderated by Prof. Mezzanzanica on January 17th at the Cultural Center of Milan. But what were the evidences of change that emerged during the discussion? What culture are these changings generating? Is it enough to find definitions for labour 4.0? What are the other big trends?
Actually, Lombardy has completely recovered the gap in job lost positions since the crisis started 10 years ago, and the total workforce employed shows an increase in permanent employment contracts compared to fixed-term and self-employment contracts (this is also partly motivated by the cancellation of the temporary jobs known in Italy as co.co.pro.) and a growth of the senior workers’ class greater than that of the juniors (an effect that is mainly attributable to the increase in the post-Fornero retirement age rather than to new hires).
Examining the reasons for the economic recovery in Lombardy, it should first be noted that this is achieved around the pole of attraction of intelligence and capital that is appended by the smart town of Milan, which generates not only high professional level job opportunities but also a reflection of low and medium value services, as well as manufacturing.
Key to development, on the side of individuals, it appears to be the possession of high skills not only technical but also transversal and flexible while, on the companies side, the capacity for internationalization, but above all and also the orientation to product innovation and organization, in cooperation with research centers and in contact with sector operators.
In a nutshell, the ability to network, to think and act in systemic terms and focusing on innovation, organization, capital and human and culture is decisive for both individuals and companies.